The Electrical Panel And Its Parts

It is a fundamental piece of electricity in all homes since the electrical panel of a house is the device in which the cables that are inside the home are located. It is also the device that helps keep the electrical system in order and is responsible for protecting expensive household appliances and devices such as televisions, computers, video game consoles, which are kept at home. It not only works to protect appliances but also us and our families from potential power surges and incidents that may occur with electricity.

It is important to know the parts that make up a traditional electrical panel, like the one we can find in a home.

Parts of an electrical panel:

  • THE ICP: The power control switch is responsible for cutting off the supply of energy inputs. For any reason, the power sent by the contracted company is exceeded; it will be in charge of controlling it. This must be installed by a licensed and trained electrician, as the power company may penalize it.
  • The IGA: It is the automatic general switch that generates a mechanism that helps us control electrical installations. The ICP must be disconnected when it reaches the maximum power, but the IGA disconnects only when the power is greater than the allowed one, so in this way, overloads and short circuits will be avoided.
  • The PCS: The surge protector switch is a current mechanism that prevents electrical appliances from being damaged by electrical surges. It is considered a useful element in the electrical panel since nowadays, the devices have very high costs, and having to replace them can generate great expenses.
  • THE ID: It is known as a differential switch, and it is a common element in the installation, whether modern or old. It disconnects quickly when an earth leakage occurs due to an electrical appliance or a bad installation. Disconnecting prevents people from suffering an electric shock, so it must work properly since it can avoid a scare.
  • PIAS: They are small automatic switches, they are colloquially known as magnetos, and they are switches that control interior circuits in houses, control plugs, lighting, heating …, everything that is connected to electricity. Like the others, its function is to protect us from overloads and short circuits.

These are the parts that we must know and take care of in an electrical panel since it is extremely important to make good use of the installation; it helps us to protect our day today. It is best not to manipulate the panel without the presence of a specialized electrician.

What should you do if you skip the differential electrical box?

electrical box and power consumptionThe first thing is to go to the electrical panel and look for the differential. It is usually in the shape of a T or a different color from all the others.

Once the differential is located, we proceed to lower it; then, we lower the other parts for short-circuit protection.

Then you will have to raise the differential individually. If you press the button and it pops up again, that’s fine, but the fault could be in the fuses if it doesn’t.

After checking this, you will have to raise the differential again and test one by one, the circuit breakers, that is, the rest of the parts that make up the electrical panel. The one that makes the differential jump is the one that is damaged.

This regularly occurs due to a plug or appliance in poor condition, so it will be necessary to eliminate the differential to jump.  Note that this might be different if you are dealing with a residential electrical panel.

If, after this brief explanation, you still have the same problem, we recommend that you contact an electrician who specializes in the matter. He will know which of the electrical panel parts is the one that is failing and will solve it in a few minutes. The safest thing is that the electrical panel jumps because you need an increase in power.

Install A New Outlet In The Home

Today we want and need more power outlets or, as many know, plugs. We use them to connect our cell phone chargers and tablets to connect computers, televisions, and home appliances. It is not surprising that we want to install a new plug; its installation is not complicated, it is very simple, and we can offer you the necessary steps to carry out this work with your own hands. Before doing it, make sure with an electricity specialist that the contracted power is what you need; if it is not and you connect more devices than allowed, it will jump.

When installing a new outlet, the wiring work is simple; it is recommended that an electrician observe the final task if you are a newcomer doing this installation. If you are already an expert, it is probably unnecessary.

Steps to get a new plug

First, you must have the necessary materials for the installation, which are: an outlet base box with its cover, a metal chisel, putty to fill holes, an electrician’s screwdriver, pliers, a carpenter’s knife, protective glasses, protective gloves, and a level.

Having all the materials, you must turn off the electricity source so that no damage occurs. Check electrical connections for ground, neutral, and live current.

After carrying out the previous step, you must place the new double box inside the hole in the wall, if necessary, enlarge it so that it fits perfectly with the level check that it is straight.

When the box is perfect, you should start with the wiring; it must be adjusted to the correct one to work as it should. As soon as it is installed, place the box and fasten it with the screws that tare the pack. And you will have a new plug.

It is totally simple, as you may have noticed. They just have to lay the wiring perfectly for it to work perfectly. They must be careful when the electricity comes back because if it is not properly connected, sparks can jump and even in the worst case, cause a short circuit. Therefore, it is always recommended to consult electrical experts.

Do not forget to check if the contracted power is sufficient. Many families have had to increase their contracted power because they have many electrical appliances in the house. It is essential to have the necessary power.

Tips On How You Save Electricity Today

In recent years the price of electricity has increased, which has forced people to take measures to save electricity. How do you save electricity? With small details, it is possible to reduce the monthly billing.

Adjust the power

There is a chance that you have a contracted power greater than what you use, so you are paying for electricity that you are not using. The more kilowatts you have, the higher the cost of the light.

To adjust the power, you need an authorized electricity expert to assess the situation of your consumption and contracting. Only he can increase or decrease the power, but everything will depend on what you need in your home.

Price depending on the schedule

Today there are contracts available that vary their rates depending on the time of day. This is called the hourly discrimination rate. What does this mean? Well, you will have to think about your schedule and when you use appliances the most to contemplate this option.

With time discrimination, it normally reduces electricity consumption from 10 p.m. to 12 noon the next day.

Control the temperature of your house

The two devices that make us use a lot of light are heating and air conditioning. Although they contribute a lot, it also makes our consumption rise.

The moment you unplug either of the two already mentioned, you must close all windows, doors, or where the air generated by this equipment can escape; thus, the cold or heat will remain in the house.  You can find an expert electrician online with a quick search.

Low consumption lamps

Investing in energy-saving lamps is always recommended. It is not what spends the most electricity, but any savings that can be generated are worthwhile.

Avoid phantom consumption

Use power strips on all sockets as it will avoid the stand-by effect. When using a power strip, all the plugs are disconnected, which means phantom consumption, that is, the consumption that occurs when an appliance is plugged in, so it will not happen.

These are the most appropriate measures to save light, do not forget to consult an expert with your doubts.